Clinical Evidence

Commitment to Evidence-Based Medicine

Publications referenced on this page include use of the da Vinci® Si, da Vinci® S, and da Vinci® Standard systems. No publications are currently available for the da Vinci® Xi system.

Intuitive Surgical tracks the peer-reviewed publications related to the da Vinci® Surgical Systems. The current collection includes PubMed and Scopus-indexed publications that represent many surgical specialties; the vast majorities were researched and written independent of Intuitive. The da Vinci clinical library is increasing at a rate of over 150 publications per month.

Number of Peer-Reviewed Publications

Since 1998, over 8500 peer-reviewed publications have appeared in various clinical journals on da Vinci Surgery. The chart below summarizes the number of scientific peer reviewed publications related to da Vinci Surgery. The publications include the following types: randomized studies, systematic reviews, prospective and retrospective comparison studies, single arm studies, literature reviews, case studies, cadaver studies, animal studies and editorials.



PN 875634 Rev. F

Serious complications may occur in any surgery, including da Vinci® Surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious or life-threatening complications, which may require prolonged and/or unexpected hospitalization and/or reoperation, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: injury to tissues/organs, bleeding, infection and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction/pain. Risks of surgery also include the potential for equipment failure and/or human error. Individual surgical results may vary.

Risks specific to minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: temporary pain/nerve injury associated with positioning; temporary pain/discomfort from the use of air or gas in the procedure; a longer operation and time under anesthesia and conversion to another surgical technique. If your doctor needs to convert the surgery to another surgical technique, this could result in a longer operative time, additional time under anesthesia, additional or larger incisions and/or increased complications.

Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci® Surgery. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if da Vinci Surgery is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options in order to make an informed decision. For Important Safety Information, including surgical risks, indications, and considerations and contraindications for use, please also refer to Unless otherwise noted, all people depicted are models.

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